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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Almighty God ! Our sons, pride of our nation, this day have set upon a
mighty endeavor, a struggle to preserve our republic, our religion and our
civilisation, and to set free a suffering humanity . . .
These are men lately drawn from the ways of peace. They fight not for
the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest. They fight to liberate,
They fight to let justice arise, and tolerance and good will among all Thy
people. They yearn but for the end of battle, for their return to the haven
of home . . .
With Thy blessing, we shall prevail over the unholy forces of our enemy.
Help us to conquer the apostles of greed and racial arrogance. Lead us to
the saving of our country, and with our sister nations into a world unity
that will spell a sure peace—a peace invulnerable to the schemings of un-
worthy men. And a peace that will let all men live in freedom, reaping
the just rewards of their honest toil . . .
(President Roosevelt's Invasion Prayer}.
In an unceasing offensive begun near Moscow and on the Volga., the
Red Army marched triumphantly westward from victory to victory
through desolated Soviet provinces. With its approach to the frontiers of
Poland, Rumania and the Baltic States, so the attitude of the Kremlin
underwent a change. From " not seeking any territorial aggrandisement"
it passed to a definite policy of aggression. And with each passing month
the shadow of Russian Imperialism over Europe loomed larger and larger.
That ancient Russian belief in the messianic destiny of Tsardom which
had always smouldered in that country now burst into flames, and the
Soviets, as heirs to the Tsarist throne, once more asserted the rights of
the Great Russians, the ' chosen people,' to create order in the conquered
countries. Since they already possessed a clear plan on how they intended
stabilising the Soviet order in Europe, they, by this fact alone, had the
strategic advantage over their companions in the Alliance. Using the
cloak of c security for their own country against Germany,' the Kremlin
moved towards the absorption of the Middle Zone with its over one
hundred million inhabitants; the eastern section of it by outright seizure,
and the western, by forming a chain of vassal states. Faced with this
Russian policy, the Governments of the Atlantic Democracies, in that
fifth year of war, now at length standing at the highest peak of their military
strength, underwent an essential change of attitude towards the chief
war-aim—the c Liberation of Europe.* It appeared that they were now
limiting this £ liberation ' to her Western part only. And those small
countries of the Middle Zone which had turned to Britain and the United
States for some help against the approaching Russian aggression, appealing
for this help in fulfilment of the oft-proclaimed slogans of the Atlantic
Charter, were unable to find the slightest sign of any willingness on the